opEvents provides the ability for the adminstrator to customise an event's properties from a variety of inputs. For example, if a user wanted to set a specific priority for an event it can be done during the input parsing stages. This article will provide a methodology for creating events from SNMP traps, via a generic extensible parser with
The generic parser rules are defined in
EventParserRules.nmis which is found in the configuration directory
/usr/local/omk/conf. Please read the notes at the top of this file first as they are very informative as to what is possible in regard to the parser rules.
Evaluate The Traps To Be Processed
Create a list of SNMP traps that are required be processed by opEvents.
Correlate Events Into Stateful Pairs
For this discussion we will assume that the concept of 'state' is desirable. i.e. If there is a "down" event, there should be a corresponding "up" event, and opEvents should keep track of the state and ignore duplicate inputs. (It is possible that several "down" events could share a single "up" or clearing event.)
opEvents tracks state based on a tuple of three event properties.
This is a critical concept. The node property will always be the same for any given node. The element property will be somewhat dynamic, usually a regular expression will parse and 'capture' it. The most comment element example would be an interface; gig0/0 versus gig0/1. The stateful property is necessary because the same element may have different events; consider an interface down event versus an OSPF event on the same element (gig0/0).
If any of these three event properties are not set state will not function well.
Consider a case where the element property is not set; thus being null. In this case if a 'port down' for gig0/0 was received a 'port up' for gig0/1 would clear the g0/0 'port down' event. Without the element being set opEvents cannot differentiate between interfaces.
Example parser rule for the element property.
Example parser rule for the stateful property
Create Parser Rules
opEvents will process the trap log file as specified on opCommon.nmis. When parsing the traps, at least the following properties should be extracted:
The shipped version of
EventParserRules.nmis has a traplog section that will extract the date, host, trap and details fields for most situations.
This article focuses on situations where customers want customization for the remaining fields.
Set the Element
Review all the SNMP traps to determine which OID best describes what will become the element property. Write a regular expression that matches this.
Based on this we can write the regular expression to set the element.
Notice the regular expression will catch an number of digits following the '=' character. This rule 'captures' the element. In this way we can dynamically assign event properties based on a regular expression.
Set Other Properties
Generally the other properties that we wish to set can be done with one rule. Consider the following trap received by opEvents.
Evaluating this trap it's determined that a single rule can set the properties below.
Notice that if the author is creative and accurate with regular expressions the number of rules my be decreased.
Based on a match of "STARENT-MIB::starCardTempOK", the rule will take action.
- event - "Card Temperature OK"
- stateful - "temperature"
- state - "up"
- priority - "2"