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  • Enabling DNS Server on Opmantek NMIS8 VM
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Purpose

Opmantek software works much better if hostnames can be resolved; however some customer environments do not have DNS servers.  Opmantek software can function without DNS, but it functions much better with it.  With this in mind we'd like to suggest running BIND (Berkly Internet Name Domain) on the NMIS master server if local DNS servers are not available. This master server can then be the DNS server for all other NMIS servers in the customer environment.

Assumptions

This article will assume the NMIS server OS is CentOS 6 as this is the most widely deployed OS for our customer base.

Decisions & Actions Prior to Installation

  • Static IP address on the server
    • This example: 192.168.10.68
  • Choose and configure the server hostname
    • This example: opmantek
  • Choose domain name
    • This example: nmis.local

Installation & Configuration

Update /etc/hosts

/etc/hosts should reflect the proper IP address and hostname of the server.  For example:

/ect/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
127.0.1.1   opmantek
192.168.10.68   opmantek.nmis.local


Install Bind

Using YUM install bind.

[root@opmantek ~]# yum install bind


Configure /etc/named.conf

There are three things we should evaluate in /etc/named.conf

  • Listen on the static IP address
  • If IPv6 is not used, disable it.
  • Define 'allow-query' subnets, or disable.  These are addresses that are allowed to query this server for name resolution.

The syntax is very critical here.

/etc/named.conf
 options {
		// Add the static IP address below.
        listen-on port 53 { 127.0.0.1; 192.168.10.68; };
		//If IPv6 is not used comment out below.
        //listen-on-v6 port 53 { ::1; };
        directory       "/var/named";
        dump-file       "/var/named/data/cache_dump.db";
        statistics-file "/var/named/data/named_stats.txt";
        memstatistics-file "/var/named/data/named_mem_stats.txt";
		//You may define authorized subnets below; or allow all by commenting it out.
        //allow-query     { localhost; 192.168.10.0/24; };
        recursion yes;
        dnssec-enable yes;
        dnssec-validation yes;
        /* Path to ISC DLV key */
        bindkeys-file "/etc/named.iscdlv.key";
        managed-keys-directory "/var/named/dynamic";
};


Create Zonefile

The script below will automatically create the zone file based on input from the operator (IP address, hostname & domain name).  It will create a DNS entry for every node provisioned in NMIS.  If a node is added to NMIS simply re-run the script and restart the named service.

Script: createZoneFile.sh

Example:

[root@opmantek ~]# bash createZoneFile.sh
Please enter the IP address of this server: 192.168.10.68
Please enter the hostname of this server: opmantek
Plase enter the domain name for this environment: nmis.local

Zone file created.  Please review /var/named/nmis.local.zone
[root@opmantek ~]#


Update /etc/named.conf To Use New Zone File

We need to update /etc/named.conf to use the newly created zone file.  Add an entry referencing it such as this:

/etc/named.conf
zone "nmis.local" IN {
        type master;
        file "nmis.local.zone";
};


Enable and Start named

[root@opmantek ~]# chkconfig --add named

[root@opmantek ~]# service named start

Update /etc/resolv.conf

/etc/reslov.conf should only contain the following.

  • search <domain name>
  • nameserver <IP Address>

example:

/etc/resolv.conf
search nmis.local
nameserver 192.168.10.68

Verification

Now we should be able to ping any NMIS node like so:

[root@opmantek ~]# ping -c 3 r1
PING r1.nmis.local (10.10.1.1) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.10.1.1: icmp_seq=1 ttl=255 time=10.1 ms
64 bytes from 10.10.1.1: icmp_seq=2 ttl=255 time=9.83 ms
64 bytes from 10.10.1.1: icmp_seq=3 ttl=255 time=8.61 ms
--- r1.nmis.local ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2012ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 8.614/9.526/10.127/0.665 ms
[root@opmantek ~]# 


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